Barriers to Achieving Fully Autonomous Vehicles

Photo by Jin xc on Unsplash

Introduction

Five Levels of Autonomy

The Driving Tasks

What Can and Cannot Be Done Automatically

Understanding the Environment Around the Vehicle

Understanding What’s Going To Happen Next (Motion Prediction)

Source: Perceptive Automata

2.3 Deciding What To Do Next

Conclusions

What Can Technology do now?

Sources:[1]: https://www.nhtsa.gov/technology-innovation/automated-vehicles-safety
[2]: https://www.tesla.com/support/full-self-driving-computer
[3]: https://waymo.com/waymo-one/
[4]: https://spectrum.ieee.org/cars-that-think/transportation/self-driving/full-autonomy-waymo-driver
[5]: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-43497364
[6]: https://towardsdatascience.com/your-guide-to-ai-for-self-driving-cars-in-2020-218289719619
[7]: https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.03635
[8]: https://www.gps.gov/systems/gps/performance/accuracy/#:~:text=The%20government%20provides%20the%20GPS,interval%2C%20with%2095%25%20probability.
[9]: https://medium.com/@BabakShah/ultrasonic-sensors-in-self-driving-cars-d28b63be676f[10]: https://becominghuman.ai/computer-vision-applications-in-self-driving-cars-610561e14118
[11]:
https://www.tesla.com/autopilot#:~:text=Advanced%20Sensor%20Coverage,to%20250%20meters%20of%20range
[12]: https://navtechradar.com/explore/autonomous-vehicles/
[13]: https://towardsdatascience.com/why-tesla-wont-use-lidar-57c325ae2ed5
[14]: https://towardsdatascience.com/how-do-self-driving-cars-see-13054aee2503
[15]: https://mobile.aau.at/~welmenre/papers/elmenreich_Dissertation_sensorFusionInTimeTriggeredSystems.pdf[16]: https://news.mit.edu/2020/neural-network-uncertainty-1120[17]: https://medium.com/waymo/building-maps-for-a-self-driving-car-723b4d9cd3f4
[18]: https://www.nhtsa.gov/technology-innovation/vehicle-vehicle-communication
[19]: https://medium.com/@hello_isee/addressing-the-long-tail-of-autonomous-vehicle-perception-f0232ba2c6d4
[20]: https://medium.com/@hello_isee/learning-to-predict-other-vehicles-trajectories-for-safe-autonomous-driving-cbfb1b8053a4[21]: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I2zNyPuQ-Bw
[22]: https://optometry.berkeley.edu/are-we-ready-for-self-driving-cars/
[23]: https://www.isee.ai/
[24]: https://news.mit.edu/2019/predicting-driving-personalities-1118
[25]: https://www.perceptiveautomata.com/
[26]: https://theconversation.com/the-trolley-dilemma-would-you-kill-one-person-to-save-five-57111
[27]: https://www.moralmachine.net/[28]: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r7hsUkc3l_4
[29]: https://www.theverge.com/2018/12/5/18126103/waymo-one-self-driving-taxi-service-ride-safety-alphabet-cost-app
[30]: https://www.atbs.com/knowledge-hub/trucking-blog/self-driving-trucks-are-truck-drivers-out-of-a-jo
[31]: http://cyberlaw.stanford.edu/blog/2013/12/human-error-cause-vehicle-crashes

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